Toyoda Sakichi

Toyoda-Sakichi TPS dictionary

Toyoda Sakichi

Mr.Sakichi Toyoda(1867-1930) ,founder of the Toyota Group, invented the concept of

Jidoka in the early 20th century.

Sakichi Toyoda revolutionized the textiles industry in Japan, and is sometimes called the Japanese Thomas Edison. His father was a poor carpenter, his mother a weaver, and he combined their skills by inventing numerous wooden devices to automate weaving, including the first wooden hand loom, patented in 1890, and devices for reeling and winding yarn (1894). In 1893 he opened a factory and sales outlet for his looms, and had his first major commercial success with his invention of a narrow wooden power loom (1896). With technical improvements, within a few years one weaver could operate up to three steam-powered looms concurrently, tripling efficiency while improving textile quality. He invented the circular loom in 1906, and in 1924 he patented a remarkable automatic loom with non-stop shuttle change motion, and the ability to replenish thread supplies without even slowing its weaving speed. In 1926, Toyoda established the Toyoda Automatic Loom Works (now Toyota Industries Corporation). In 1929 the Corporation licensed its Type-G loom for use by Platt Brothers & Co., the British company that was the world’s leading textile manufacturer at the time. After his death in 1930, Toyoda Industries Corporation put his son Kiichiro Toyoda in charge of a new auto-making division, now known as Toyota Motor Corporation.